The National School Meals Programme is a source of pride for the Cuban Government, as well as being an essential part of the social assistance campaign and an indispensable help for working mothers.
The origins of school feeding in Cuba date back to the 1960s, when, following the 1959 revolution, the Cuban Government expanded education in order to increase the country's literacy rate and integrate women into the economy.
A broad social campaign aimed at supporting vulnerable children, especially those living in rural areas, took place. The areas such as health, education, culture and sports received great attention by introducing programmes to improve children's health and well-being.
The 1990s were difficult for Cuba. The country loses its main ally and economic partner, the USSR, and the US imposes economic sanctions. All this, of course, affects the education sector, which faces a budget deficit.